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Fifth Workshop on Very Large Corpora
Tagging Text with Lexical Semantics: Why, What, and How?
Second Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing
Spoken Language Translation
Natural Language Processing for Communication Aids
Interactive Spoken Dialog Systems: Bringing Speech and NLP Together in Real Applications
Intelligent Scalable Text Summarization
Automatic Information Extraction and Building of Lexical Semantic Resources for NLP Applications
From Research to Commercial Applications: Making NLP Work in Practice
CoNLL97: Computational Natural Language Learning
Computational Phonology: Third Meeting of the ACL Special Interest Group in Computational Phonology
Concept to Speech Generation Systems
Operational Factors in Practical, Robust Anaphora Resolution for Unrestricted Texts
Referring Phenomena in a Multimedia Context and their Computational Treatment
Computational Environments for Grammar Development and Linguistic Engineering

Fifth Workshop on Very Large Corpora

W97-0100: Front Matter

W97-0101: Mitch Marcus
Summary of Invited Speech

W97-0102: John Rausch
Commercial Implementation of Text Recognition Tools for VLC

W97-0103: Howard Turtle
Commercial Impact of VLC Research

W97-0104: Zhou Qiang
A Statistics-Based Chinese Parser

W97-0105: Ezra Black; Stephen Eubank; Hideki Kashio; David Magerman
Probabilistic Parsing of Unrestricted English Text, With a I-Iighly-Detailed Grammar

W97-0106: Thanaruk Theeramunkong; Manabu Okumura
Grammar Acquisition Based on Clustering Analysis and Its Application to Statistical Parsing

W97-0107: Seungmi Lee; Key-Sun Ch
Reestimation and Best-First Parsing Algorithm for Probabilistic Dependency Grammars

W97-0108: Li Shiuau Peh
Domain-Specific Semantic Class Disambiguation Using WordNet

W97-0109: Jiri Stetina; Makoto Nagao
Corpus Based PP Attachment Ambiguity Resolution with a Semantic Dictionary

W97-0110: Joyce Yue Chai; Alan W. Bierma
Corpus Based Statistical Generalization Tree in Rule Optimization

W97-0111: Kumiko TANAKA-Ishii
Clustering Co-occurrence Graph based on Transitivity

W97-0112: Jean-David STA
Knowledge Acquisition: Classification of Terms in a Thesaurus from a Corpus

W97-0113: Tadashi Nomoto; Yuji Matsumo
Data Reliability and Its Effects on Automatic Abstracting

W97-0114: Hiromi Nakaiwa
Automatic Identification of Zero Pronouns and their Antecedents within Aligned Sentence Pairs

W97-0115: Huang Xuan-jing; Wu Li-de; Wang Wen-xin
Statistical Acquisition of Terminology Dictionary

W97-0116: Erika F. de Li
Acquiring German Prepositional Subcategorization Frames from Corpora

W97-0117: Tomek Strzalkowski; Ronald Brandow
A Natural Language Correction Model for Continuous Speech Recognition

W97-0118: Tony G. Rose
The Effects of Corpus Size and Homogeneity on Language Model Quality

W97-0119: Pascale Fu
Finding Terminology Translations from Non-parallel Corpora

W97-0120: Masaaki Nagata
A Self-Organizing Japanese Word Segmenter using Heuristic Word Identification and Re-estimation

W97-0121: Andrei Mikheev
Collocation Lattices and Maximum Entropy Models

W97-0122: Adam Kilgarriff
Using Word Frequency Lists to Measure Corpus Homogeneity and Similarity between Corpora

W97-0123: Takehito Utsuro; Takashi Miyata
Maximum Entropy Model Learning of Subcategorization Preference

W97-0124: Scott M. Thede; Mary Harper
Analysis of Unknown Lexical Items using Morphological and Syntactic Information with the TIMIT Corpus

W97-0125: Jee-Sun NAM; Key-Sun CHOI
A Local Grammar-based Approach to Recognizing of Proper Names in Korean Texts

W97-0126: Kawtrakul Asanee; Thumkanon Chalathip
A Statistical Approach to Thai Morphological Analyzer

W97-0127: Jun Gao; XiXian Chen
Probabilistic Word Classification Based on Context-Sensitive Binary Tree Method

Tagging Text with Lexical Semantics: Why, What, and How?

W97-0200: Front Matter

W97-0201: Hwee Tou
Getting Serious about Word Sense Disambiguation

W97-0202: Janyce Wiebel; Julie Maples; Lei Duanl; Rebecca Bruce
Experience in WordNet Sense Tagging in the Wall Street Journal

W97-0203: Kenneth C. Litkowski
Desiderata for Tagging with WordNet Synsets or MCCA Categories

W97-0204: John B. Lowe
A Frame-Semantic Approach to Semantic Annotation

W97-0205: Paul Buitelaar
A Lexicon for Underspecified Semantic Tagging

W97-0206: Christiane Fellbaum; Joachim Grabowski; Shari Land
Analysis of a Hand-Tagging Task

W97-0207: I. Dan Melam
Measuring Semantic Entropy

W97-0208: Yorick Wilks; Mark Stevenson
Sense Tagging: Semantic Tagging with a Lexicon

W97-0209: Philip Resnik
Selectional Preference and Sense Disambiguation

W97-0210: Hongyan Jing; Vasileios Hatzivassiloglou; Rebecca Passonneau; Kathleen McKeown
Investigating Complementary Methods for Verb Sense Pruning

W97-0211: Roberto Basili; Michelangelo Della Rocca; Maria Teresa Pazienza
Towards a Bootstrapping Framework for Corpus Semantic Tagging

W97-0212: Andrew Harley; Dominic Glennon
Sense Tagging in Action Combining Different Tests with Additive Weighangs

W97-0213: Philip Resni
A Perspective on Word Sense Disambiguation Methods and Their Evaluation

W97-0214: Janyce Wie
Writing Annotation Instructions

W97-0215: Douglas Jones; Boyan Onyshkevyc
Combining Knowledge Sources for Automatic Semantic Tagging

W97-0216: Thierry Declerck; Judith Klein
Semantic Tagging and NLP Applications

W97-0217: Philip Resnik
Evaluating Automatic Semantic Taggers

W97-0218: Alain Polguere
Constructing Semantic Tagsets

W97-0219: Bonnie J. Dorr; Mari Broman Olsen
Structured Lexicons and Semantic Tagging

Second Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing

W97-0300: Front Matter

W97-0301: Adwait Ratnaparkhi
A Linear Observed Time Statistical Parser Based on Maximum Entropy Models

W97-0302: Joshua Goodman
Global Thresholding and Multiple-Pass Parsing

W97-0303: Carolyn Penstein Rose; Alon Lavie
An Efficient Distribution of Labor in a Two Stage Robust Interpretation Process

W97-0304: Doug Beeferman; Adam Berger; John Lafferty
Text Segmentation Using Exponential Models

W97-0305: Korin Richmond; Andrew Smith; Einat Amitay
Detecting Subject Boundaries Within Text: A Language Independent Statistical Approach

W97-0306: Ido Dagan; Yael Karov; Dan Roth
Mistake-Driven Learning in Text Categorization

W97-0307: Thorsten Brants; Wojciech Skut; Brigitte Krenn
Tagging Grammatical Functions

W97-0308: Jo Calder
On aligning trees

W97-0309: Lawrence Saul; Fernando Pereira
Aggregate and mixed-order Markov models for statistical language processing

W97-0310: Erika F. de Lima
Assigning Grammatical Relations with a Back-off Model

W97-0311: I. Dan Melamed
Automatic Discovery of Non-Compositional Compounds in Parallel Data

W97-0312: Scott W. Bennett; Chinatsu Aone
Learning to Tag Multilingual Texts Through Observation

W97-0313: Ellen Riloff; Jessica Shepherd
A Corpus-Based Approach for Building Semantic Lexicons

W97-0314: Roberto Basili; Gianluca De Rossi; Maria Teresa Pazienza
Inducing Terminology for Lexical Acquisition

W97-0315: Paul Thompson; Christopher C. Dozier
Name Searching and Information Retrieval

W97-0316: K.L. Kwok
Lexicon Effects on Chinese Information Retrieval

W97-0317: Paola Merlo
Attaching Multiple Prepositional Phrases: Backed-off Estimation Generalized

W97-0318: Eric V. Siegel
Learning Methods for Combining Linguistic Indicators to Classify Verbs

W97-0319: Andrew Kehler
Probabilistic Coreference in Information Extraction

W97-0320: Janyce Wiebe; Tom O'Hara; Kenneth McKeever; Thorsten Ohrstrom-Sandgren
An Empirical Approach to Temporal Reference Resolution

W97-0321: Ji Donghong; Huang Changning
Word Sense Disambiguation Based on Structured Semantic Space

W97-0322: Ted Pedersen; Rebecca Bruce
Distinguishing Word Senses in Untagged Text

W97-0323: Hwee Tou Ng
Exemplar-Based Word Sense Disambiguation" Some Recent Improvements

Spoken Language Translation

W97-0400: Front Matter

W97-0401: Manfred Stede; Birte Schmitz
Discourse particles and routine formulas in spoken language translation

W97-0402: J ae-won Lee; Gil Chang Kim
A Dialogue Analysis Model with Statistical Speech Act Processing for Dialogue Machine Translation

W97-0403: Keiko Horiguchi
Towards Translating Spoken Language Pragmatics in an Analogical Framework

W97-0404: Yumi WAKITA; Jun KAWAI
Correct parts extraction from speech recognition results using semantic distance calculation, and its application to speech translation

W97-0405: Keiko Horiguchi
A Formal Basis for Spoken Language Translation by Analogy

W97-0406: Pascale Fung; Bertram Shi; Dekai Wu; Lain Wai Bun; Wong Shuen Kong
Dealing with Multilinguality in a Spoken Language Query Translator

W97-0407: J. C. Amengual; J. M. Benedi; A. Castellanos; D. Llorens; E. Vidal
Using Categories in the EUTRANS System

W97-0408: Hiyan Alshawi
English-to-Mandarin Speech Translation with Head Transducers

W97-0409: Robert Frederking; Alexander Rudnicky; Christopher Hogan
Interactive Speech Translation in the DIPLOMAT Project

W97-0410: Alon Lavie; Lori Levin; Puming Zhan; Maite Taboada; Donna Gates; Mirella Lapata; Cortis Clark; Matthew Broadhead; Alex Waibel
Expanding the Domain of a Multi-lingual Speech-to-Speech Translation System

W97-0411: David Carter; Ralph Becket; Manny Rayner; Robert Eklund; Catriona MacDermid; Mats Wirdn; Sabine Kirchmeier-Andersen; Christina Philp
Translation Methodology in the Spoken Language Translator: An Evaluation

W97-0412: Mark Seligman
Six Issues in Speech Translation

W97-0413: Tsutomu Fujinami
Combining Situated Reasoning with Semantic Transfer Minimally

W97-0414: Krzysztof Jassem
A Polish-to-English Text-to-text Translation System Based on an Electronic Dictionary

W97-0415: Eric Wehrli; Jean-Luc Cochard
Spoken Language Translation with the ITSVox System

Natural Language Processing for Communication Aids

W97-0500: Front Matter

W97-0501: John Todman; Norman Alm
Pragmatics and AAC approaches to conversational goals

W97-0502: Stefan Langer; Marianne Hickey
Automatic Message Indexing and Full Text Retrieval for a Communication Aid

W97-0503: Kathleen F. McCoy
Simple NLP Techniques for Expanding Telegraphic Sentences

W97-0504: Alice Carlberger; Johan Carlberger; Tina Magnuson; M. Sharon Hunnicutt; Sira E. Palazuelos-Cagigas; Santiago Aguilera Navarro
Profet, A New Generation of Word Prediction: An Evaluation Study

W97-0505: Nestor Garay-Vitoria; Julio G. Abascal
Word Prediction for Inflected Languages. Application to Basque Language

W97-0506: Ann Copestake
Augmented and alternative NLP techniques for augmentative and alternative communication

W97-0507: Portia File; Leona Elder
Using NLP in the design of a conversation aid for non-speaking children

W97-0508: Kathleen F. McCoy; Lisa N. Masterman
A Tutor for Teaching English as a Second Language for Deaf Users of American Sign Language

W97-0509: Takahiro Wakao; Terumasa Ehara; Eiji Sawamura; Yoshiharu Abe; Katsuhiko Shirai
Application of NLP technologyto production of closed-caption TV. programs in Japanese for the hearing impaired

W97-0510: Elisabeth Godbert; Pascal Mouret; Robert Pasero; Monique Rolbert
A software for language education and rehabilitation of autistic-like children

Interactive Spoken Dialog Systems: Bringing Speech and NLP Together in Real Applications

W97-0600: Front Matter

W97-0601: Marilyn A. Walker; Diane J. Litman; Candace A. Kamm; Alicia Abella
Evaluating Interactive Dialogue Systems: Extending Component Evaluation to Integrated System Evaluation

W97-0602: Gavin E Churcher; Eric S Atwell; Clive Souter
A Generic Template to evaluate integrated components in spoken dialogue systems

W97-0603: Laila Dybkjaer; Niels Ole Bernsen; Hans Dybkjaer
GENERALITY AND OBJECTIVITY Central Issues in Putting a Dialogue Evaluation Tool into Practical Use

W97-0604: Ian M. O'Neill; Michael F. McTear
An Object-Oriented Model for the Design of Cross-Domain Dialogue Systems

W97-0605: Frederic Bechet; Thierry Spriet; Marc El-Beze

W97-0606: Elisabeth Maier; Norbert Reithinger; Jan Alexandersson
Clarification Dialogues as Measure to Increase Robustness in a Spoken Dialogue System

W97-0607: Ronnie W. Smith
Performance Measures for the Next Generation of Spoken Natural Language Dialog Systems

W97-0608: P. Spyns; F. Deprez; L. Van Tichelen; B. Van Coile
A practical Message-to-Speech strategy for dialogue systems

W97-0609: Christian Lieske
Turn off the Radio and Call Again: How Acoustic Clues can Improve Dialogue Management

W97-0610: Kees van Deemter
Context Modeling for Language and Speech Generation

W97-0611: Eli Hagen
Planning Efficient Mixed Initiative Dialogue

W97-0612: Toshihiko ITOH; Akihiro DENDA; Satoru KOGURE; Seiichi NAKAGAWA
A Robust Dialogue System with Spontaneous Speech Understanding and Cooperative Response

W97-0613: Paul Martin
The "Casual Cashmere Diaper Bag": Constraining Speech Recognition Using Examples

W97-0614: Mark-Jan Nederhof; Gosse Bouma; Rob Koeling; Gertjan van Noord
Grammatical analysis in the OVIS spoken-dialogue system

W97-0615: David Roussel; Ariane Halbert
Filtering Errors and Repairing Linguistic Anomalies for Spoken Dialogue Systems

W97-0616: Emiel Krahmer; Jan Landsbergen; Xavier Pouteau
How to obey the 7 commandments for spoken dialogue?

W97-0617: Rajeev Agarwal
Towards a PURE Spoken Dialogue System for Information Access

W97-0618: Matthias Denecke
A Programmable Multi-Blackboard Architecture for Dialogue Processing Systems

W97-0619: M.M.M. Rats; R.J. van Vark; J.P.M. de Vreught
Corpus-Based Information Presentation for a Spoken Public Transport Information System

W97-0620: Morena Danieli; Elisabetta Gerbino; Loreta M. Moisa
Dialogue Strategies for Improving the Usability of Telephone Human-Machine Communication

W97-0621: Alan W. Biermann; Michael S. Fulkerson; Greg A. Keim
Speech-Graphics Dialogue Systems

Intelligent Scalable Text Summarization

W97-0700: Front Matter

W97-0701: Karen Sparck Jones
Summarising: Where are we now? Where should we go?

W97-0702: Branimir Boguraev
Salience-based Content Characterisafion of Text Documents

W97-0703: Regina Barzilay; Michael Elhadad
Using Lexical Chains for Text Summarization

W97-0704: Eduard Hovy; ChinYew Lin
Automated Text Summarization in SUMMARIST

W97-0705: Jean-Luc Minel; Sylvaine Nugier; Gerald Piat
How to Appreciate the Quality of Automatic Text Summarization? Examples of FAN and MLUCE Protocols and their Results on SERAPHIN

W97-0706: Therese Firmin Hand
A Proposal for Task-based Evaluation of Text Summarization Systems

W97-0707: Mandar Mitrat; Amit Singhal; Chris Buckleytt
Automatic Text Summarization by paragraph Extraction

W97-0708: Ryo Ochitani; Yoshio Nakao; Fumihito Nishino
Goal-Directed Approach for Text Summarization

W97-0709: Jose Abracos; Gabriel Pereira Lopes
Statistical methods for retrieving most significant paragraphs in newspaper articles

W97-0710: Simone Teufel
Sentence extraction as a classification task

W97-0711: Chinatsu Aone; Mary Ellen Okurowski; James Gorlinsky; Bjornar Larsen
A Scalable Summarization System Using Robust NLP

W97-0712: Maria Aretoulaki
COSY-MATS: An Intelligent and Scalable Summarisation Shell

W97-0713: Daniel Marcu
From discourse structures to text summaries

W97-0714: Brigitte Endres-Niggemeyer
SimSum: Simulation of summarizing

W97-0715: Ulrich Reimer; Udo Hahn
A Formal Model of Text Summarization Based on Condensation Operators of a Terminological Logic

Automatic Information Extraction and Building of Lexical Semantic Resources for NLP Applications

W97-0800: Front Matter

W97-0801: Piek Vossen; Pedro Diez-Orzas; Wim Peters
Multilingual design of EuroWordNet

W97-0802: Birgit Hamp; Helmut Feldweg
GermaNet - a Lexical-Semantic Net for German

W97-0803: Tokunaga Takenobu; Fujii Atsushi; Sakurai Naoyuki; Tanaka Hozumi
Extending a thesaurus by classifying words

W97-0804: Dietrich H. Fischer
Formal redundancy and consistency checking rules for the lexicai database WordNet 1.5

W97-0805: Alessandro Artale; Bernardo Magnini; Carlo Strapparava
Lexical Discrimination with the Italian Version of WordNet

W97-0806: Jose Maria Gomez-Hidalgo; Manuel de Buenaga Rodriguez
Integrating a Lexical Database and a Training Collection for Text Categorization

W97-0807: Atsushi FUJII; Toshihiro HASEGAWA; Takenobu TOKUNAGA
Integration of Hand-Crafted and Statistical Resources in Measuring Word Similarity

W97-0808: Diana McCarthy
Word Sense Disambiguation for Acquisition of Selectional Preferences

W97-0809: Joyce Yue Chai; Alan W. Biermann
The Use of Lexical Semantics in Information Extraction

W97-0810: Salah Ait-Mokhtar; Jean-Pierre Chanod
Subject and Object Dependency Extraction Using Finite-State Transducers

W97-0811: Frederique Segond; Anne Schiller; Gregory Grefenstette; Jean-Pierre Chanod
An Experiment in Semantic Tagging using Hidden Markov Model Tagging

W97-0812: Antonio Sanfilippo
Using Semantic Similarity to Acquire Cooccurrence Restrictions from Corpora

W97-0813: Stefano Federici; Simonetta Montemagni; Vito Pirrelli
Inferring Semantic Similarity from Distributional Evidence: an Analogy-based Approach to Word Sense Disambiguation

From Research to Commercial Applications: Making NLP Work in Practice

W97-0900: Front Matter

W97-0901: Chinatsu Aone; John Maloney
Reuse of a Proper Noun Recognition System in Commercial and Operational NLP Applications

W97-0902: Cornelia Tschichold; Franck Bodmer; Etienne Cornu; Francois Grosjean; Lysiane Grosjean; Natalie Kubler; Nicolas Lewy; Corinne Tschumi
Developing a new grammar checker for English as a second language

W97-0903: Karen Kukich; Rebecca Passonneau; Kathleen McKeown; Dragomir Radev; Vasileios Hatzivassiloglou; Hongyan Jing
Software Re-Use and Evolution in Text Generation Applications

W97-0904: James R Nolan

W97-0905: Ehud Reiter
Tailored Patient Information: Some Issues and Questions

W97-0906: John Tait
Practical Considerations in Building a Multi-Lingual Authoring System for Business Letters

W97-0907: Gary Adams ; Philip Resnik
A Language Identification Application Built on the Java Client / Server Platform

W97-0908: Michael Gamon; Carmen Lozano; Jessie Pinkham; Tom Reutter
Practical Experience with Grammar Sharing in Multilingual NLP

W97-0909: Leo Obrst; Krishna Nanda Jha
NLP and Industry: Transfer and Reuse of Technologies

W97-0910: Manny Rayner; David Carter; Ivan Bretan; Robert Eklund; Mats Wiren; Steffen Leo Hansen; Sabine Kirchmeier-Andersen; Christina Philp; Finn Sorensen; Hanne Erdman Thomsen
Recycling Lingware in a Multilingual MT System

CoNLL97: Computational Natural Language Learning

W97-1000: Front Matter

W97-1001: Amit Bagga; Joyce Yue Chai
A Trainable Message Understanding System

W97-1002: Mary Elaine Califf; Raymond J. Mooney
Relational Learning of Pattern-Match Rules for Information Extraction

W97-1003: Wide R. Hogenhout; Yuji Matsumoto
A Preliminary Study of Word Clustering Based on Syntactic Behavior

W97-1004: Ji Donghong; He Jun; Huang Changning
Learning New Compositions from Given Ones

W97-1005: Mehmet Kayaalp; Ted Pedersen; Rebecca Bruce
A Statistical Decision Making Method: A Case Study on Prepositional Phrase Attachment

W97-1006: Emin Erkan Korkmaz; Gokturk Ucoluk

W97-1007: Montse Maritxalar; Arantza Diaz de Ilarraza; Maite Oronoz
From Psycholinguistic Modelling of Interlanguage in Second Language Acquisition to a Computational Model

W97-1008: Laura Mayfield Tomokiyo; Klaus Ries
What makes a word: Learning base units in Japanese for speech recognition

W97-1009: Ramin Charles Nakisa; Kim Plunkett
Evolution of a Rapidly Learned Representation for Speech

W97-1010: Miles Osborne; Ted Briscoe
Learning Stochastic Categorial Grammars

W97-1011: David M. W. Powers
Learning and Application of Differential Grammars

W97-1012: Jennifer Rodd
Recurrent Neural-Network Learning of Phonological Regularities in Turkish

W97-1013: K. Sima'an
Explanation-Based Learning of Data-Oriented Parsing

W97-1014: Christoph Tillmann; Hermann Ney
Word Triggers and the EM Algorithm

W97-1015: Werner Winiwarter; Yahiko Kambayashi
A Comparative Study of the Application of Different Learning Techniques to Natural Language Interfaces

W97-1016: Jakub Zavrel; Walter Daelemans; Jorn Veenstra
Resolving PP attachment Ambiguities with Memory-Based Learning

Computational Phonology: Third Meeting of the ACL Special Interest Group in Computational Phonology

W97-1100: Front Matter

W97-1101: Anand Raman; John Newman; Jon Patrick
A Complexity Measure for Diachronic Chinese Phonology

W97-1102: John Nerbonne; Wilbert Heeringa
Measuring Dialect Distance Phonetically

W97-1103: Bart de Boer
Self Organisation in Vowel Systems through Imitation

W97-1104: Rene Carre; Maria Mody
Prediction of Vowel and Consonant Place of Articulation

W97-1105: Steven Bird

W97-1106: Hana Skoumalova
A Czech Morphological Lexicon

W97-1107: John Coleman; Janet Pierrehumbert
Stochastic phonological grammars and acceptability

W97-1108: George Anton Kiraz
Linearization of Nonlinear Lexical Representations

Concept to Speech Generation Systems

W97-1200: Front Matter

W97-1201: Nanette M. Veilleux
Probabilistic Model of Acoustic/Prosody/Concept Relationships for Speech Synthesis

W97-1202: P. Spyns; F. Deprez; L. Van Tichelen; B. Van Coile
Message-to-Speech: high quality speech generation for messaging and dialogue systems

W97-1203: Peter Poller
A compact Representation of prosodically relevant Knowledge in a Speech Dialogue System

W97-1204: Shimei Pan; Kathleen R. McKeown
Integrating Language Generation with Speech Synthesis in a Concept to Speech System

W97-1205: Martine Grice; Michelina Savinot
Can pitch accent type convey information status in yes-no questions?

W97-1206: M. Theune; E. Klabbers; J. Odijk; J.R. de Pijper
Computing prosodic properties in a data-to-speech system

W97-1207: Laurie Hiyakumoto; Scott Prevost; Justine Cassell
Semantic and Discourse Information for Text-to-Speech Intonation

W97-1208: Gerit P. Sonntag; Thomas Portele
Looking for the Presence of Linguistic Concepts in the Prosody of Spoken Utterances

Operational Factors in Practical, Robust Anaphora Resolution for Unrestricted Texts

W97-1300: Front Matter

W97-1301: Massimo POESIO; Renata VIEIRA; Simone TEUFEL
Resolving bridging references in unrestricted text

W97-1302: Tatsunori MORI; Mamoru MATSUO; Hiroshi NAKAGAWA
Constraints and defaults of zero pronouns in Japanese instruction manuals

W97-1303: Ruslan MITKOV
Factors in anaphora resolution: they are not the only things that matter. A case study based on two different approaches

W97-1304: Hiromi NAKAIWA
Automatic extraction of rules for anaphora resolution of Japanese. zero pronouns from aligned sentence pairs

W97-1305: Roland STUCKARDT
Resolving anaphoric references on deficient syntactic descriptions

W97-1306: Breck BALDWIN
CogNIAC: high precision coreference with limited knowledge and linguistic resources

W97-1307: Megumi KAMEYAMA
Recognizing referential links: an information extraction prespective

W97-1308: Marco ROCHA
Supporting anaphor resolution in dialogues with a corpus-based probabilistic model

W97-1309: Sabine BERGLER
Towards reliable partial anaphora resolution

W97-1310: Tony McENERY; Izumi TANAKA; Simon BOTLEY
Corpus annotation and reference resolution

W97-1311: Kevin HUMPHREYS; Robert GAIZAUSKAS; Saliha AZZAM
Event coreference for information extraction

W97-1312: Ruslan MITKOV
How far are we from (semi-)automatic of anaphoric links in corpora?

W97-1313: Kaja BORTHEN; Thorstein FRETHEIM
What brings a higher-order entity into focus of attention? Sentential pronouns in English and Norwegian.

W97-1314: Andrei POPESCU-BELIS; Isabelle ROBBA
Cooperation between pronoun and reference resolution for unrestricted texts

Referring Phenomena in a Multimedia Context and their Computational Treatment

W97-1400: Front Matter

W97-1401: Sharon Oviatt; Antonella DeAngeli; Karen Kuhn
Integration and Synchronization of Input Modes during Multimodal Human-Computer Interaction

W97-1402: Daniela Petrelli; Antonella De Angeli; Walter Gerbino; Giulia Cassano
Referring in Multimodal Systems: The Importance of User Expertise and System Features

W97-1403: Tsuneaki Kato; Yukiko I. Nakano
Towards Generation of Fluent Referring Action in Multimodal Situations

W97-1404: Dan Loehr
Hypertext and Deixis

W97-1405: Jacques Siroux ; Marc Guyomard ; Franck Multon; Christophe Remondeau
Multimodal References in GEORAL TACTILE

W97-1406: Michael Streit
Active and Passive Gestures - Problems with the Resolution of Deictic and Elliptic Expressions in a Multimodal System

W97-1407: Hiroshi Nakagawa; Yoshitomo Yaginuma; Masao Sakauchi
Scene Direction Based Reference In Drama Scenes

W97-1408: Helmut Horacek
Generating Referential Descriptions in Multimedia Environments

W97-1409: Elisabeth Andre; Thomas Rist
Planning Referential Acts for Animated Presentation Agents

W97-1410: Knut Hartmann; Jochen Schopp
Exploiting Image Descriptions for the Generation of Referring Expressions

W97-1411: Daqing He; Graeme Ritchie; John Lee
Referring to Displays in Multimodal Interfaces

W97-1412: Giorgio P.Faconti; Mieke Massink
A Syndetic Approach to Referring Phenomena in Multimodal Interaction

W97-1413: Bertrand Gaiffe; Laurent Romary
Constraints on the Use of Language, Gesture and Speech for Multimodal Dialogues

W97-1414: Luis. A. Pineda; E. Gabriela Garza
A Model for Multimodal Reference Resolution

W97-1415: Martin, J.C.; Bfiffault, X.; Goncalves, M.R.; Vapillon, J.
The CARTOON project : Towards Integration of Multimodal and Linguistic Analysis for Cartographic Applications

W97-1416: Stig W. Jorgensen
Recognition of referring expressions

Information on the ACL Special Interest Group on Multimedia Language Processing

Computational Environments for Grammar Development and Linguistic Engineering

W97-1500: Front Matter

W97-1501: John Bateman
Some apparently disjoint aims and requirements for grammar development environments" the case of natural language generation

W97-1502: David Carter
The TreeBanker: a Tool for Supervised Training of Parsed Corpora

W97-1503: Fabio Ciravegna; Alberto Lavelli; Daniela Petrelli; Fabio Pianesi
Participatory Design for Linguistic Engineering: the Case of the GEPPETTO Development Environment

W97-1504: Luca Dini; Giampaolo Mazzini
Hypertextual Grammar Development

W97-1505: Christine Doran; Beth Hockey; Philip Hopely; Joseph Rosenzweig; Anoop Sarkar; B. Srinivas; Fei Xia
Maintaining the Forest and Burning out the Underbrush in XTAG

W97-1506: Thilo Gotz; Walt Detmar Meurers
The ConTroll System as Large Grammar Development Platform

W97-1507: Renate Henschel
Application-driven automatic subgrammar extraction

W97-1508: Ronald M. Kaplan
Lexical Resource Reconciliation in the Xerox Linguistic Environment

W97-1509: Gerald Penn
Head-Driven Generation and Indexing in ALE

W97-1510: Lena Stromback
EFLUF - an Implementation of a FLexible Unification Formalism

W97-1511: Thanaruk Theeramunkong; Yasunobu Kawaguchi; Manabu Okumura
Exploiting Contextual Information in Hypothesis Selection for Grammar Refinement

W97-1512: Axel Theofilidis
ALEP-Based Distributed Grammar Engineering

W97-1513: Gertjan van Noord; Gosse Bouma
Hdrug. A Flexible and Extendible Development Environment for Natural Language Processing.

W97-1514: Jerome Vapillon; Xavier Briffault; Gerard Sabah; Karim Chibout
An Object-Oriented Linguistic Engineering Environment using LFG (Lexical Functionnal Grammar) and CG (Conceptual Graphs)

W97-1515: Martin Volk
Experiences with the GTU grammar development environment