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Speech and Natural Language: Proceedings of a Workshop Held at Pacific Grove, California, February 19-22, 1991

H91-1000: Front Matter

H91-1001: Patti Price
Overview of the Fourth DARPA Speech and Natural Language Workshop

H91-1002: Mark Y. Liberman; Patti Price
SESSION 1: SPEECH AND NATURAL LANGUAGE EFFORTS IN THE U. S. AND ABROAD

H91-1003: Louis Boves
THE ESPRIT PROJECT POLYGLOT

H91-1004: Rolf Carlson
SOME NOTES ABOUT RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AT KTH

H91-1005: Jeremy Peckham
Speech Understanding and Dialogue over the telephone: an overview of the ESPRIT SUNDIAL project.

H91-1006: S. Warwick-Armstrong
MACHINE TRANSLATION IN EUROPE

H91-1007:
ESPRIT, THE EUROPEAN STRATEGIC PROGRAMME FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

H91-1008: David S. Pallett
SESSION 2: DARPA RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND ATIS BENCHMARK TEST POSTER SESSION

H91-1009: James Baker; Janet Baker; Pard Bamberg; Larry Gillick; Lori Lamel; Robert Roth; Francesco Scattone; Dean Sturtevant; Ousmane Ba; Richard Benedict
DRAGON SYSTEMS RESOURCE MANAGEMENT BENCHMARK RESULTS FEBRUARY 1991

H91-1010: Douglas B. Paul
New Results with the Lincoln Tied-Mixture HMM CSR System

H91-1011: Michael Phillips; James Glass; Victor Zue
Modelling Context Dependency in Acoustic-Phonetic and Lexical Representations

H91-1012: F. Kubala; S. Austin; C. Barry; J. Makhoul; P. Placeway; R. Schwartz
BYBLOS SPEECH RECOGNITION BENCHMARK RESULTS

H91-1013: M. Ostendorf; A. Kannan; S. Austin; O. Kimball; R. Schwartz; J.R. Rohlicek
Integration of Diverse Recognition Methodologies Through Reevaluation of N-Best Sentence Hypotheses

H91-1014: Stephanie Seneff; James Glass; David Goddeau; David Goodine; Lynette Hirschman; Hong Leung; Michael Phillips; Joseph Polifroni; Victor Zue
Development and Preliminary Evaluation of the MIT ATIS System

H91-1015: Hy Murveit; John Butzberger; Mitch Weintraub
SPEECH RECOGNITION IN SRI'S RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND ATIS SYSTEMS

H91-1016: Wayne Ward
EVALUATION OF THE CMU ATIS SYSTEM

H91-1017: Sheryl Young
USING SEMANTICS TO CORRECT PARSER OUTPUT FOR ATIS UTTERANCES

H91-1018: S. Austin; D. Ayuso; M. Bates; R. Bobrow; R. Ingria; J. Makhoul; P. Placeway; R. Schwartz; D. Stallard
BBN HARC and DELPHI Results on the ATIS Benchmarks - February 1991

H91-1019: Douglas O'Shaughnessy
A Textual processor to handle ATIS queries

H91-1020: Roberto Pieraccini; Esther Levin; Chin-Hui Lee
STOCHASTIC REPRESENTATION OF CONCEPTUAL STRUCTURE IN THE ATIS TASK

H91-1021: Lewis Norton; Marcia Linebarger; Deborah Dahl; Nghi Nguyen
Augmented Role Filling Capabilities for Semantic Interpretation of Spoken Language

H91-1022: Evelyne Tzoukermann
THE USE OF A COMMERCIAL NATURAL LANGUAGE INTERFACE IN THE ATIS TASK

H91-1023: Jaime Carbonell
SESSION 3: MACHINE TRANSLATION

H91-1024: Jerry R. Hobbs; Megumi Kameyama
Machine Translation Using Abductive Inference

H91-1025: Peter F. Brown; Stephen A. Della Pietra; Vincent J. Della Pietra; Robert L. Mercer
A Statistical Approach to Sense Disambiguation in Machine Translation

H91-1026: William A. Gale; Kenneth W. Church
Identifying Word Correspondences in Parallel Texts

H91-1027: Richard F. Lyon
SESSION 4: SPEECH I

H91-1028: Christian GAGNOULET; Christel SORIN
FIELD TEST EVALUATIONS and OPTIMIZATION of SPEAKER INDEPENDENT SPEECH RECOGNITION for TELEPHONE APPLICATIONS

H91-1029: Judith Spitz
COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA FROM REAL USERS: IMPLICATIONS FOR SPEECH RECOGNITION/UNDERSTANDING SYSTEMS

H91-1030: J. L. Flanagan; R. Mammone; G. W. Elko
AUTODIRECTIVE MICROPHONE SYSTEMS FOR NATURAL COMMUNICATION WITH SPEECH RECOGNIZERS

H91-1031: Helen M. Meng; Victor W. Zue; Hong C. Leung
Signal Representation Attribute Extraction and the Use Distinctive Features for Phonetic Classification

H91-1032: James F. Allen
SESSION 5: NATURAL LANGUAGE I

H91-1033: Robert Bobrow; Robert Ingria; David Stallard
THE MAPPING UNIT APPROACH TO SUBCATEGORIZATION

H91-1034: Eric Jackson; Douglas Appelt; John Bear; Robert Moore; Ann Podlozny
A Template Matcher for Robust NL Interpretation

H91-1035: Aravind K. Joshi; Yves Schabes
Fixed and Flexible Phrase Structure: Coordination in Tree Adjoining Grammars

H91-1036: Robert Moore; John Dowding
Efficient Bottom-Up Parsing

H91-1037: Ralph Weischedel; Damaris Ayuso; R. Bobrow; Sean Boisen; Robert lngria; Jeff Palmucci
Partial Parsing: A Report on Work in Progress

H91-1038: Mari Ostendorf
SESSION 6: DEMONSTRATIONS AND VIDEOTAPES OF SPEECH AND NATURAL LANGUAGE TECHNOLOGIES

H91-1039: Richard F. Lyon
ANALOG IMPLEMENTATIONS OF AUDITORY MODELS

H91-1040: Madeleine Bates; Dan Ellard; Pat Peterson; Varda Shaked
Using Spoken Language to Facilitate Military Transportation Planning

H91-1041: Salim Roukos
Session 7: Natural Language II

H91-1042: Robert J. Bobrow
Statistical Agenda Parsing

H91-1043: Renato De Mori; Roland Kuhn
SOME RESULTS ON STOCHASTIC LANGUAGE MODELLING

H91-1044: David M. Magerman; Mitchell P. Marcus
Parsing the Voyager Domain Using Pearl

H91-1045: Fred Kochman; Joseph Kupin
Calculating the Probability of a Partial Parse of a Sentence

H91-1046: Julian Kupiec
A Trellis-Based Algorithm For Estimating The Parameters Of Hidden Stochastic Context-Free Grammar

H91-1047: Kai-Fu Lee
SESSION 8: SPEECH II

H91-1048: S. Austin; J. Makhoul; R. Schwartz; G. Zavaliagkos
Continuous Speech Recognition Using Segmental Neural Nets

H91-1049: V.Digalakis; J.R. Rohlicek; M.Ostendorf
A DYNAMICAL SYSTEM APPROACH TO CONTINUOUS SPEECH RECOGNITION

H91-1050: Hsiao-Wuen Hon; Kai-Fu Lee
Recent Progress in Robust Vocabulary-Independent Speech Recognition

H91-1051: L.R. Bahl; P.V. de Souza; P.S. Gopalakrishnan; D. Nahamoo; M.A. Picheny
Context Dependent Modeling of Phones in Continuous Speech Using Decision Trees

H91-1052: Francis Kubala
SESSION 9: SPEECH III

H91-1053: Jean-Luc Gauvain; Chin-Hui Lee
Bayesian Learning of Gaussian Mixture Densities for Hidden Markov Models

H91-1054: X.D. Huang
A Study on Speaker-Adaptive Speech Recognition

H91-1055: Douglas B. Paul
Experience with a Stack Decoder-Based HMM CSR and Back-Off N-Gram Language Models

H91-1056: Michael D. Riley; Andrej Ljolje
LEXICAL ACCESS WITH A STATISTICALLY-DERIVED PHONETIC NETWORK

H91-1057: F. Jelinek; B. Merialdo; S. Roukos; M. Strauss
A Dynamic Language Model for Speech Recognition

H91-1058: Clifford J. Weinstein
SESSION 10: CORPORA AND EVALUATION

H91-1059: Beth M. Sundheim
THIRD MESSAGE UNDERSTANDING EVALUATION AND CONFERENCE (MUC-3): PHASE 1 STATUS REPORT

H91-1060: E. Black; S. Abney; D. Flickenger; C. Gdaniec; R. Grishman; P. Harrison; D. Hindle; R. Ingria; F. Jelinek; J. Klavans; M. Liberman; M. Marcus; S. Roukos; B. Santorini; T. Strzalkowski
A Procedure for Quantitatively Comparing the Syntactic Coverage of English Grammars

H91-1061: David D. Lewis
Evaluating Text Categorization I

H91-1062: Madeleine Bates; Damaris Ayuso
A Proposal for Incremental Dialogue Evaluation

H91-1063: Mitch Marcus
SESSION 11 - NATURAL LANGUAGE III

H91-1064: James F. Allen
DISCOURSE STRUCTURE IN THE TRAINS PROJECT

H91-1065: Marie Meteer; Richard Schwartz; Ralph Weischedel
STUDIES IN PART OF SPEECH LABELLING

H91-1066: Paul S. Jacobs; George R. Krupka; Lisa F. Rau
LEXICO-SEMANTIC PATTERN MATCHING AS A COMPANION TO PARSING IN TEXT UNDERSTANDING

H91-1067: Michael R. Brent; Robert C. Berwick
Automatic Acquisition of Subcategorization Frames from Tagged Text

H91-1068: Tomek Strzalkowski; Barbara Vauthey
FAST TEXT PROCESSING FOR INFORMATION RETRIEVAL

H91-1069: Edward P. Neuburg
SESSION 12: SLS AND PROSODY

H91-1070: Stephanie Seneff; Lynette Hirschman; Victor W. Zue
Interactive Problem Solving and Dialogue in the ATIS Domain

H91-1071: Joseph Polifroni; Stephanie Seneff; Victor W. Zue
Collection of Spontaneous Speech for the ATIS Domain and Comparative Analyses of Data Collected at MIT and TI

H91-1072: Lynette Hirschman; Stephanie Seneff; David Goodine; Michael Phillips
Integrating Syntax and Semantics into Spoken Language Understanding

H91-1073: Patti Price; Mari Ostendorf ; Stefanie Shattuck-Hufnagel; Cynthia Fong
THE USE OF PROSODY IN SYNTACTIC DISAMBIGUATION

H91-1074: Michelle Q. Wang; Julia Hirschberg
Predicting Intonational Boundaries Automatically from Text: The ATIS Domain

H91-1075: C. W. Wightman; N. M. Veilleuz; M. Ostendorf
USE OF PROSODY IN SYNTACTIC DISAMBIGUATION: AN ANALYSIS-BY-SYNTHESIS APPROACH

H91-1076:
The Consortium for Lexical Research

H91-1077: George A. Miller; Daniel A. Teibel
A PROPOSAL FOR LEXICAL DISAMBIGUATION

H91-1078: Charles L. Wayne
A SNAPSHOT OF TWO DARPA SPEECH AND NATURAL LANGUAGE PROGRAMS

H91-1079: Ralph Weischedel
Adaptive Natural Language Processing

H91-1080: John Makhoul; Richard Schwartz
RESEARCH IN CONTINUOUS SPEECH RECOGNITION

H91-1081: John Makhoul
SPOKEN LANGUAGE SYSTEMS

H91-1082: Mari Ostendorf; Patti Price
Evaluating the Use of Prosodic Information in Speech Recognition and Understanding

H91-1083: Mari Ostendorf; J. Robin Rohlicek
Segment-Based Acoustic Models with Multi-level Search Algorithms for Continuous Speech Recognition

H91-1084: Harvey F. Silverman
Microphone-Array Systems for Speech Recognition Input

H91-1085: Raj Reddy
SPOKEN-LANGUAGE RESEARCH AT CARNEGIE MELLON

H91-1086: Roberto Bisiani
The PLUS Accelerator

H91-1087: Kathleen McKeown; Steven Feiner
Interactive Multimedia Explanation for Equipment Maintenance and Repair

H91-1088: Janet Baker; Larry Gillick
PROGRESS REPORT FOR DARPA SLS PROGRAM AT DRAGON SYSTEMS, INC.

H91-1089: John Shore
Portable Software Modules for Speech Recognition (Phase I SBIR grant from DARPA)

H91-1090: Victor W. Zue; Lynette Hirschman
Spoken Language Recognition and Understanding

H91-1091: Clifford J. Weinstein; Douglas B. Paul
Robust Speech Recognition Technology Program Summary

H91-1092: David S. Pallett
NIST-DARPA Interagency Agreement: SLS Program

H91-1093: Beth M. Sundheim
EVALUATING TEXT UNDERSTANDING SYSTEMS

H91-1094: Yorick Wilks
Active Knowledge Structures in Natural Language Understanding

H91-1095: Ralph Grishman
ROBUST AND PORTABLE TEXT PROCESSING

H91-1096: George Zweig
A Robust Preprocessor for Speech-Recognition Systems

H91-1097: Jared Bernstein
CORPUS COLLECTION FOR ATIS

H91-1098: Hy Murveit; Mitchel Weintraub
REAL-TIME SPEECH RECOGNITION SYSTEM

H91-1099: Patti Price; Robert C. Moore
SRI'S REAL-TIME SPOKEN LANGUAGE SYSTEM

H91-1100: Jerry R. Hobbs
TACITUS: The Abductive Commonsense Inference-based Text Understanding System

H91-1101: Deborah A. Dahl
Linguistic Knowledge Sources for Spoken Language Understanding

H91-1102: Robert Wilensky
Language Processing and Commonsense Reasoning

H91-1103: Aravind K. Joshi; Mitch Marcus; Mark Steedman; Bonnie Webber
NATURAL LANGUAGE RESEARCH

H91-1104: Mitch Marcus
Very Large Annotated Database of American English

H91-1105: James F Allen; Lenhart K Schubert
Natural Language, Knowledge Representation and Discourse

H91-1106: Eduard Hovy
The Penman Natural Language Project Systemics-Based Machine Translation